Timeline
 
 
  1. 58 BC - Florentia (Florence) founded as a settlement for former soldiers by Julius Ceasar.

  2. 1252 - The florin (gold coin) introduced.  Its significance throughout Europe allows the the city-state to prosper amid its political (German vs Papal) conflicts.

  3. 1348 - Black Death kills over half of the 100,000+ population.

  4. 1397Medici bank founded by Giavanni di Bicci de’ Medici (1360-1429).

  5. 1406Pisa conquered.

  6. 1422 – War with Milano starts.

  7. 1427 – Castato (income/property tax) instituted.

  8. 1428 – War with Milano ends.

  9. 1429 – War with Luca starts. Cosimo “il Vecchio” de’ Medici (1389-1464) takes charge of Medici bankGiavanni dies.

  10. 1430 – War with Luca ends unsuccessfully. War with Milano starts.

  11. 1433 – War with Milano ends.

  12. 1434 – Cosimo “the Elder” becomes Gran maestro.

  13. 1434 – Cosimo briefly exiled but returns when Albizzi are driven out.

  14. 1436 – Brunelleschi completes dome on the Duomo.

  15. 1439 - Conference between Orthodox bishops and Catholic clergy.

  16. 1455 – Firenze (Florence) joins Peace of Lodi.

  17. 1464 – Cosimo dies.  Piero “il Gouty” de’ Medici (1416-1469) becomes Gran maestro.

  18. 1469 – Piero “the Gouty” dies.  Lorenzo “il Magnifico” de’ Medici (1449-1492) becomes Gran maestro.

  19. 1471 – Florentine mercenaries sack Volterra after city surrenders.

  20. 1478 – Pazzi attempt to assassinate Lorenzo “the Magnificent” and Giuliano de’ Medici: Giuliano is killed, Lorenzo only injured.

  21. 1482 – Leonardo da Vinci (born April 14, 1452) leaves Firenze for Milano.

  22. 1484 – War of Ferrara, between Venezia and the Papacy, settled in part by Florentine diplomacy.

  23. 1492 – Lorenzo “the Manificent” dies.  Piero “the Unfortunate” de’ Medici (1472-1503) becomes Gran maestro.

  24. 1494 – Medici family expelled after Piero “the Unfortunate” concedes too much to King Charles VIII of France’s invading army. Medici bank collapses. Pisa regains independence.  Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498) becomes Gran maestro.

  25. 1495 – Decimo (tax on real estate) replaces castato (tax on income and property).

  26. 1497 – Bonfire of the Vanities

  27. 1498 – Girolamo Savonarola, at the behest of Pope Alexander VI (1431-1503), is hanged as a heretic and schismatic (after torture on the rack forces a false confession).  Piero Soderini (born May 18, 1450) presides over a relatively corruption free Republic of Florence.

  28. 1502 – Piero Soderini is elected gonfaloniere for life.

  29. 1503 – Pope Alexander VI dies.  Pope Pius III is pope less than one month.  Pope Julius II “The Warrior Pope” (1443-1513) becomes pope.  The papacy is active in the Italian Wars.

  30. 1504 – Michelangelo’s (born March 6, 1475) David is unveiled in the public square outside the Palazzo della Signoria.

  31. 1509 – Pisa retaken by Florentine militia under the command of Niccolò Machiavelli.

Florence (Italian: Firenze)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence#Middle_Ages_and_Renaissanceshapeimage_2_link_0

Girolamo Savonarola

Niccolò Machiavelli